If we hear the word Adipura, what comes in our mind might be that it is not a very special award. Yes, it is normal because there may be still some people who are not familiar with this prestigious award.
In this modern era, there are some serious problems, especially in big cities, including population growth, air pollution, uncontrolled trash, and the unstructured layout of the city. Some efforts have been done to overcome these problems in the last 2 decades. Government through Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Indonesia published for the first time in 1986 the assessments rules on cities and towns across the territory of the Republic of Indonesia with a policy through the Decree of Minister of Environment No.37 Year 1995 about Guidelines for State Health and Adipura Awarding. Cities in Indonesia are encouraged to overcome all challenges and environmental problems that occur in each region. The evaluation and assessment will be carried out once every year. Cities that are included in the awarding categories will receive awards from the government, in the form of Adipura Kencana and Adipura as well as Clean City Award Certificate.
Adipura Kencana is given to the city which has won five consecutive clean city awards. Every aspect of management and public participation should have a value of 80% of the maximum value of each of these aspects and the physical value must be greater or equal to 80% of the maximum value. Meanwhile, Adipura is given to the cities which are considered “successful” in managing the cleanliness of the city. Finally, Clean City Award Certificate is given to the city which was considered “quite successful” in managing the cleanliness of the city. Adipura assessment is organized by the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Indonesia. Adipura is given directly by the President to the cities that successfully manage and qualify the cleanliness of the city in accordance with predetermined criteria, at every Environment Day event which is commemorated on 5 June each year.
The implementation of Adipura program is intended to create a smart, humane and ecological city through the application of good governance to encourage the creation of a good environment. Adipura is also intended to encourage local authorities and communities to actively participate in the management of the urban environment.
The assessment criteria of Adipura consists of three important aspects: brown issue, which is related to waste management/sanitation, water pollution control, air pollution control; green issues which is associated with green open spaces (urban forests, city parks, city aesthetics, layout plan); and white issue which includes local governments and communities.
Each region that carries out cleanliness effort is entitled for the assessment. The participants of Adipura are divided into four categories based on population, namely the category of metropolis (over 1 million people), large cities (500.001 – 1.000.000 people), medium cities (100.001 – 500.000 people), and small cities (up to 100,000 people).
The assessment of Adipura this year will be focused on 16 monitoring points, including housing, markets, hospitals, offices, parks, railways, airports, shopping malls, waste segregation and waste management.
The Adipura-Award-Winning Cities
To achieve Adipura, there should be strategies and creative cooperation among regional leaders along with SKPD (Work Units Office) associated in each city or region. All elements implement a variety of programs and do monitoring and evaluation of its implementation. For example is Palembang which develops socialization programs periodically to the public about the importance of procurement of potted plants in Palembang town square
Here are some list of cities that won the Grand Champion for the category of Metropolis City since 2007:
And the cities which received Adipura Kencana in 2012 are Surabaya (East Java Province) and Tulungangung (East Java Province).
Based on the results of the distribution of the winners of Adipura from the Ministry of Environment, there were 9 metropolis cities which won Adipura, namely Surabaya, Tangerang, Palembang, Jakarta, Semarang and Medan and 4 big cities namely Malang, Balikpapan, Manado, and Yogyakarta. For the medium cities category, there were a total of 25 cities, some of which are Jombang, Tulungagung, Jepara, and Lamongan while for small cities category, there were a total of 77 cities, some of which Lamongan, Tuban, Pangkalanbun, Pamekasan, Sibolga and Martapura.
Most of the leaders of the regions, both Governor and Regent, throughout the archipelago which were assessed highly appreciated the performance of the element which has a huge participation in the winning of Adipura, namely the cleanliness officers (street sweeper and waste hauler officers). Without their participation, discipline, and persistence, it is impossible for each of the cities to win the Adipura Award consistently as shown by several cities including Palembang, Surabaya and Balikpapan.
The officers known with the name of “Yellow Forces” have a great dedication to make the environment cleaner. Another appreciation must be delivered to the community because their role in maintaining cleanliness also plays an important role in the success of winning the Adipura.
In 2013, according to organizers of Adipura Award, there will be an increase in the number of participants of Adipura which is predicted to be more than 125 cities. Previously, in 2011, there were a total of 63 cities/districts and in 2012 there were a total of 12 cities/districts. Ministry of Environment hopes that urban environmental management policies will be able to solve urban problems as a whole to create a smart, humane and ecological city.
This is intended to enhance the spirit and the participation of all elements of the wider community throughout Indonesia in maintaining and preserving the surrounding environment. A comprehensive and sustainable socialization is needed. A clean city must be the dreams of everyone. Thus, it deserves more appreciation from the government, related institutions, and also people who enjoy the comfort of a clean city atmosphere.